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Aboriginal missions in South Australia: Point Pearce

Guide to resources relating to the history of Aboriginal missions in South Australia including records created by these missions.


SA Memory. Point Pearce.

YPC Indigenous history of the Yorke Peninsula.

AIATSIS. South Australian Protector's reports can be browsed by year. Keyword searching within each report can locate relevant information.

Point Pearce records

Records for Point Pearce are held at State Records of South Australia and the State Library of South Australia.

Periodical articles

Cabbages and kings: selected essays in history and Australian studies v. 20, 1992. Megan Ball. 'The lesser of two evils: a comparison of Government and Mission policy at Raukkan and Point Pearce, 1890-1940'.

Cabbages and kings: selected essays in history and Australian studies v. 20, 1992. Paula Richardson. 'History of the Point Pearce Mission Station, South Australia'.

To locate more journal articles, access the State Library's eResources.

Selected South Australian newspapers, published prior to 1955, have been digitised as part of the National Library of Australia’s Trove website.

Further newspaper articles may be identified by using the following, Newspaper index : references to Aborigines in Adelaide newspapers, 1836-1940, 1989.

Getting started

This guide to sources relating to Point Pearce was last updated by Library staff in 2016. It comprises selected material held by the State Library or available online.

To find further material relevant to this topic, try searching with this subject heading in the State Library catalogue:

Point Pearce Mission

Or conduct a keyword search using the following term: Point Pearce

For more assistance, talk with staff at the Library's Information Desk or Ask Us.

Books and pamphlets

Before the coming of the European pastoralists, the Yorke Peninsula was the home of the Narungga people. Discovery of copper on Yorke Peninsula in 1859 lead to a swelling population, and the establishment of sizeable townships. These attracted many Narungga and the previously mobile population began to settle closer to these towns. In 1868 about 600 acres, 35 miles south of Wallaroo, was used to establish the Yorke's Peninsula Aboriginal Mission, later called Point Pearce.

In 1894 former residents of the closed Poonindie Mission were shifted to Point Pearce and in 1915, the Mission was taken over by the State Government and became known as the Point Pearce Aboriginal Station. After more than a century of struggling for proper recognition of their toil, in 1972, 5,777 hectares was transferred to the ownership of the Point Pearce Community Council under the Aboriginal Lands Trust Act.

Archibald, T. S. Yorke's Peninsula Aboriginal Mission Incorporated: a brief record of its history and operations, 1915.

Brock, Peggy. Poonindie: the rise and destruction of an Aboriginal agricultural community, 1989. (This has been indexed, to see records enter the title in the source field of the Library catalogue.)

Graham, Doris and Graham, Cecil. As we've known it: 1911 to the present, 1987.

Hill, D. L. and S.J. Notes on the Narangga tribe of Yorke Peninsula, 1975

Kartinyeri, Doreen. Narungga nation, 2002.

South Australia. Royal Commission on the Aborigines. Progress report of the Royal Commission on the Aborigines..., 1913.

Survival in our own land : 'Aboriginal' experiences in 'South Australia' since 1836, Ch. 23 ‘Point Pearce’.

Wanganeen, Eileen (comp.) Point Pearce: past and present, 1987.

Wood, Vivienne and Westall, Craig. Point Pearce social history project, Yorke Peninsula, South Australia. 1999.

Yorke's Peninsula Aboriginal Mission Incorporated. Brief review of the operations of the ... Mission for the first five years (with report for 1870/1-1871/2), 1872.

Point Pearce Mission

Point Pearce Mission, 1890. B 9804.

Archival material

Point Pearce Mission Records comprising letters, reports, lists of Aboriginal people living on the mission, Aboriginal names and words, 'Rules for the Yorke Peninsula Mission' and newspaper cuttings. 

Aborigines' Trust Records of the Aborigines' Trust consisting of minute book, deed appointing trustees, correspondence, financial papers and cash book. 

Interview with Georgina Williams, Ngankiburka-Mekauwe Includes a discussion of her early life on Point Peace mission.