Convict arrival dates
|New South Wales||1788 - 1840|
|Queensland||1824 - 1839|
|Tasmania||1803 - 1853|
|Victoria||1803 - 1849|
|Western Australia||1850 - 1868|
Cast Iron Leg Irons
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The Industrial Revolution in
In the late 1700s there were more than two hundred crimes in
A number of these hulks were placed on the River Thames but others were anchored in
When these became overcrowded, Government officials saw transportation as the answer to the problem.
Someone convicted of a capital punishment and whose death sentence was commuted would usually receive fourteen years transportation. Those convicted of a non-capital offence were usually sentenced to seven years. Initially, convicts were transported to
Subsequently other penal settlements of varying duration were established at Moreton Bay, Norfolk Island, Port Phillip and various locations in Tasmania and Western Australia. By the end of the convict era approximately 160,000 people had been transported to Australian penal settlements.
South Australian Convicts?
Further information on South Australia's convicts can be found in Paul Sendziuk's paper 'No convicts here: reconsidering South Australia's foundation myth' in "Turning points: chapters in South Australian history" and Graham Jaunay's "SA convicts sentenced to transportation 1837-1851".
An index to those sentenced to transportation from South Australia between 1837 - 1851 is available via the Find My Past database (available for use within the Library). In some cases the index gives not just name, age, crime, sentence etc but also a description of the convict and biographical information including the name of spouse, number of children, religion and other personal details that are so valuable to the family historian.
Graham Jaunay also has a name searchable index avalable via his website.
Family History Services at the State Library of SA
The State Library Family History Collection specialises in South Australian resources. It is also strong in material relating to England and Ireland and includes a selection of interstate and overseas resources.
The collection is located in the Spence Wing on Level 1.
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