The Industrial Revolution in
In the late 1700s there were more than two hundred crimes in
A number of these hulks were placed on the River Thames but others were anchored in
When these became overcrowded, Government officials saw transportation as the answer to the problem.
Someone convicted of a capital punishment and whose death sentence was commuted would usually receive fourteen years transportation. Those convicted of a non-capital offence were usually sentenced to seven years. Initially, convicts were transported to
By the end of the convict era, approximately 160,000 people were transported to Australian penal settlements.
South Australia was ultimately established through private enterprise by the South Australian Company and was the only state not to receive convicts.
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