ABC TV. Ernabella: no ordinary mission.
AIATSIS. South Australian Protector's reports can be browsed by year. Keyword searching within each report can locate relevant information.
National Museum of Australia collection. Search 'Ernabella'.
Journal of the Anthropological Society of South Australia, vol. 32, nos 1-2, Dec 1999, Macgill, Belinda. ‘ Ernabella Mission School: a critique.’ Also online.
To locate more journal articles, access the State Library's eResources.
Selected South Australian newspapers, published prior to 1955, have been digitised as part of the National Library of Australia’s Trove website.
Further newspaper articles may be identified by using the following, Newspaper index : references to Aborigines in Adelaide newspapers, 1836-1940. 1989.
This guide to sources relating to the Ernabella Mission was last updated by Library staff in 2016. It comprises selected material held by the State Library or available online.
To find further material relevant to this topic, try searching with these subject headings in the State Library catalogue:
Aboriginal Australians -- Missions -- South Australia -- Ernabella
Or conduct a keyword search using the following term: Ernabella
See also the Library Guide on the Pitjantjatjara people.
For more assistance, talk with staff at the Library's Information Desk or Ask Us.
The Ernabella Mission was located in the Musgrave Ranges in the far north-west of South Australia. One of the last areas of Australia to feel the impact of European settlement, the Pitjantjatjara population lived a relatively unaffected life into the twentieth century. By the 1930s however, prospectors, graziers, and most significantly ‘doggers’ (those who collected dingo scalps in exchange for a Government bounty) had made significant inroads, bringing conflict over land, water and the treatment of Aboriginal women.
After a trip to the Musgrave Ranges in 1935, Dr Charles Duguid petitioned for the establishment of a mission in the area to 'act as a buffer between the Aborigines and the encroaching white man.' The South Australian Government offered £1,000 towards its establishment; Duguid and the Presbyterian church raised the equivalent. The Ernabella Sheep station was chosen as a suitable base, and the land acquired.
From its opening in 1937, a noticeable difference between Ernabella and other Aboriginal missions was the acceptance and promotion of the language and culture of its inhabitants. Christian teachings were offered and encouraged, but staff were also required to learn the Pitjantjatjara language and culture.
In 1970 the administration of the Mission was transferred to the South Australian government, and soon after, in 1974 to the community itself, through the Pitjantjatjara Council. The community, now known as Pukatja is part of the APY Lands.
Duguid, Charles. Doctor goes walkabout, 1977.
Duguid, Charles. Ernabella re-visited: the diary of a pilgrimage, 1946.
Duguid, Phyllis E. An impression of Ernabella, 1938.
Edwards, W. H. Mission in the Musgraves : Ernabella Mission 1937-73, a place of relationships, 2012.
Hilliard, Winifred M. Anangu tjutaku malpa awularinya anu ngaltutjara : 32 years at Ernabella, 1986.
Hilliard, Winifred, M. The people in between: the Pitjantjatjara people of Ernabella, 1976.
Kerin, Rani. Doctor do-good: Charles Duguid and Aboriginal advancement, 1930s-1970s, 2011.
Love, J.R.B. Ernabella, 1937.
Matthew, H.C. (ed). The Aborigines calling, 1940.
Pitjantjatjara Tjukurpa, 1967-1969. Newsletter of the mission. (In Pitjantjatjara)
Owen, J. Eric. A visitor's diary: Ernabella patrol 1943, 1943.
Sheppard, Nancy. Sojourn on another planet, 2004.
Survival in our own land : 'Aboriginal' experiences in 'South Australia' since 1836, Ch. 32 ‘Ernabella’.
Hilliard, Winifred M. Papers relating to Ernabella and Ernabella Arts Inc.
Love, JRB. Papers of James Robert Beattie Love, Presbyterian clergyman and missionary at Ernabella.
Mountford, Bessie Ilma. Diaries. Includes a diary kept during a stay at Ernabella in 1940.
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