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Aboriginal missions in South Australia: Point McLeay

Guide to resources relating to the history of Aboriginal missions in South Australia including records created by these missions.


ABC TV. Our town: Raukkan.

AIATSIS. South Australian Protector's reports can be browsed by year. Keyword searching within each report can locate relevant information.

Point McLeay records

Records for Point McLeay are held at State Records of South Australia and the State Library of South Australia.

Periodical articles

Cabbages and kings: selected essays in history and Australian studies v. 20, 1992. Megan Ball. 'The lesser of two evils: a comparison of Government and Mission policy at Raukkan and Point Pearce, 1890-1940'.

To locate more journal articles, access the State Library's eResources.

Selected South Australian newspapers, published prior to 1955, have been digitised as part of the National Library of Australia’s Trove website.

Further newspaper articles may be identified by using the following, Newspaper index : references to Aborigines in Adelaide newspapers, 1836-1940, 1989.

Getting started

This guide to sources relating to Point McLeay (later known as Raukkan) was last updated by Library staff in 2016. It comprises selected material held by the State Library or available online.

To find further material relevant to this topic, try searching with this subject heading in the State Library catalogue:

Point McLeay Mission

Or conduct a keyword search using the following terms:

Point McLeay

See also the Research Guide on the Ngarrindjeri people.

For more assistance, talk with staff at the Library's Information Desk or Ask Us.

Books and pamphlets

Point McLeay Mission was founded on the shores of Lake Alexandrina in 1859 by the Aborigines' Friends Association for the Aboriginal people of the Lower Lakes. George Taplin, the Congregational minister, was its first administrator.  Following Government administration from 1916, Point McLeay was returned to the Ngarrindjeri people in 1974 and renamed Raukkan in 1982. 

A summary of the history of the Point McLeay mission can be found on the Find and Connect website.

Annual report of the Aborigines' Friends' Association(This has been partially indexed, to see records enter the title in the source field of the Library catalogue.)

Bartlett, Clarence Edmund. A brief history of the Point McLeay Reserve and district, 1959. (This has been indexed, to see records enter the title in the source field of the Library catalogue.)

Berndt, Ronald M. A world that was: the Yaraldi of the Murray River and the Lakes, South Australia, 1993.

Bury, Warren R. The foundation of the Point McLeay Aboriginal Mission, 1964.

Hemming, Steve (ed). Troddin thru Raukkan, our home: Raukkan re-union 1994, 1994.

Hughes, Jay. Ambrose Redman (1859-1929)..., 1996. (Redman was a Superintendent of Point McLeay).

Jenkin, Graham. Conquest of the Ngarrindjeri, 1995.

Kartinyeri, Doreen, Ngarrindjeri Nation: Genealogies of Ngarrindjeri Families, 2006

Kartinyeri, Doreen. Ngarrindjeri Anzacs, 1996.

Levi, Tamara J. Food, control, and resistance : rationing of indigenous peoples in the United States and South Australia, 2016.

Mintern, Andrew. "Mine is a wonderful and valuable story ..." a study of Herbert Edward Read, 1993.

Ngarrindjeri Ngrilkulun '99. Ngarrindjeri Ngrilkulun '99: October 23 & 24 at Raukkan Community, 1999.

Rankine, Harriet. I had a good life - it was beautiful, 2008.

Rowe, Gordon. A century of service to the Aborigines at Point McLeay, SA, 1959.

South Australia. Royal Commission on the Aborigines. Progress report of the Royal Commission on the Aborigines..., 1913.

Survival in our own land : 'Aboriginal' experiences in 'South Australia' since 1836, Ch. 21 ‘Point McLeay’.

Taplin, George. The Narrinyeri: an account of the tribes of South Australian Aborigines, inhabiting the country around the Lakes Alexandrina, Albert, and Coorong and the lower part of the River Murray..., 1878.

Point McLeay Mission

Point McLeay, 1926. B 3804.

Archival material

Aborigines' Friends' Association
Includes material relating to Point McLeay Mission Station.

Point McLeay Aboriginal Mission. Records of the Mission including two record books of births, baptisms, marriage and deaths

Papers of George Taplin (PRG 186/1) first Missionary at Point McLeay.

Koolmatrie, Marjorie. Interview with Marjorie Koolmatrie and Henry Rankine, 1984.

Read more about the State Library's oral history collection here.