Compulsory education was introduced in South Australia in 1875.
Records for state (government) schools are held either at State Records of South Australia, or with the individual schools.
Service histories of S.A. state teachers. 1852-1960 compiled by Brian Condon is a quick way of searching for basic information about early South Australian state schools. It is available via the UniSA Library catalogue.
The State Library holds a complete set of the South Australian Education Gazette which began in 1885 and as well as information about individual schools and teachers, also contains detailed curriculum information for the period.
See also the South Australian history: education guide.
Information about private schools can be difficult to locate.
The major private schools still in existence usually hold their own records, including historic records.
Before the commencement of compulsory education in South Australia in 1875, all schools were privately run. However teachers in 'licensed' (officially approved) schools were able to receive a small allowance from District Councils, on top of the weekly fees paid by the children's parents.
State Records of South Australia hold records for the early South Australian Education Board.
The Education Board reports were generally printed in the newspapers of the day, which can be searched on the Trove website.
The State Library has extensive holdings of school publications, particularly school magazines, for both state and private schools.
These can be searched by the Library catalogue, or by contacting or visiting the Library.
The Education Gazette, South Australia was published monthly from 1885 to 1992.
This contains information about government schools and teachers, as well as details of curriculum.
The State Library holds a full set of this publication.
The Library also holds copies of education gazettes for other states.
The State Library collects the published magazines and other material printed by private schools in South Australia. To search for this material, type the school name into the Library catalogue.
The major private school whose records are held in the State Library is Way College, a Methodist (Bible Christian) boys' school which previously occupied the buildings now used by Annesley College.
As well as numerous publications of the school, the Library has digitised the admissions register of Way College, which can be viewed by visiting the Library.