Skip to Main Content

SA Newspapers: Pen names of SA journalists and cartoonists

Information about South Australian newspapers


The following is a list of known pen names of journalists and cartoonists who have worked in South Australia. If you find someone who is missing from this list, please contact us.

Newspapers are primary resources that are a record of the period in which they were produced. Original historical resources reflect attitudes of the times in which they were created and some newspapers may contain language, stereotypes or images which could be considered offensive.

To navigate or find a name either select a letter below to jump to that listing or click CTRL+F to open the 'find' field and type in the pen name of the journalist or cartoonist you are searching for.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

List of known pen names

Ab Original - James Sadler (1860-1935). His often satirical/political poems were published in various Adelaide newspapers during 1880s and 1890s, including the Adelaide observer. From 1885-1891 he joined Hugh Kalyptus in his 'Echoes and re-echoes' column in the Observer. From 1899 London correspondent for the South Australian register

A.C. - Alfred Clint (1843-1924) Cartoonist in the Mirror 1873, Illustrated Adelaide news 1875-, Lantern.

A.E. - Arthur Esam. Cartoonist in Adelaide Punch, 1880-1882, work also published in the Lantern in the 1880s. The State Library holds two water colour paintings by Esam:Horse team and wagon 1887Cobb & Co coach 1895.

A.G.B. - A.G. Ball. Poems published in Northern star, Kapunda 1860s, possibly Adam Gustav Ball?

A. Pencil - William Sowden (1858-1943). Sowden used this name to write as city correspondent for the Kapunda Herald from the 1890s through to the early 1900s. He later became editor of the Register.

Agricola - CJ Matthews. Used this pen name for his agricultural column in the Register newspaper 1898 to 1910. Moved to Melbourne Weekly Times 1920.

Ariel - Eva D'Arenberg, social writer at the Register in the first decades of the twentieth century.

A Scribbler - William Sowden. Journalist and editor. Wrote a column of political commentary for the Register, 'Echoes from the smoking room by A. Scribbler' between 1882 and 1891.

Atchison - Michael Atchison (1933-2009). Teacher and cartoonist. Political cartoonist at the Advertiser from 1968-2008

Atha - Frank Atha Westbury (1843-1901). Prolific contributor of serials to Australian and New Zealand newspapers. From 1882 his serials appear in Frearson's weekly illustrated and Frearson's monthly, and later in the Pictorial Australian.

Aunt Dorothy - The identity of the original Aunt Dorothy has not so far been discovered. This was the pen name used by the editor of the Chronicle children's pages from August 1895, until the newspaper ceased in 1975. In the 1940s this was Audrey Francis. From 1970 Aunt Dorothy was Alison Dolling, who was also editor of the women's pages of the Chronicle under the name 'Mary Broughton.'

Aunt Tabitha - Alice Grant Rosman. Journalist and novelist. Her women's column under the name Aunt Tabitha in the Gadfly (1906-1909) was largely satirical.

Austral - A popular pen-name. In 1901 collected verse by Mrs James Glenroy Wilson of New Zealand was published by Elliot Stock. The Register 'Review of books' column noted that Mrs Wilson's verse had been published in various Australian magazines.

Autolycus - This name was first used by Charles Wilton (1855-1927) of the Register, in his weekly political commentary column written for the Mount Barker Courier over 36 years. Wilton had previously been editor of the Courier. The name was later used by Ernest Whitington (1873-1934). Whitington initially used this pen-name when he took over the 'Man in the street' column in the Register and Observer in January 1929. After only three weeks he changed the column title to 'Out among the people' and his pen name to 'Rufus.'

Barbour, Eleanor - Dorothy Dolling (1897-1967). Prominent early member of the Country Women's Association and women's pages writer. From April 1937 until December 1966 Mrs Dolling was editor of the women's pages of the Chronicle. She had previously written for a short time for the Advertiser (the Chronicle's parent newspaper) as 'Marian March.' She was particularly interested in history and encouraged readers of her pages to forward articles about South Australian history. This was continued under her relative Alison Dolling, who took over the column in December 1966, and wrote as 'Mary Broughton.' (Chronicle Cameos by Mary Broughton (Alison Dolling) 1977, pp. 14-18)

Beetee - Alys Truman (d. 1960). Writer for the AdvertiserExpressJournal and Chronicle. Her contributions to the Chronicle included brief stints editing the women's pages, and in her last years she compiled the 'Answers to correspondents.'

Bowyangs - Jim Walker (1862-1943). Stockman who served in both the Boer War and First World War. Contributed poems to the West Coast Sentinel and wrote for the Bulletin as 'Bowyangs' as well as for other interstate newspapers. (West Coast Sentinel, 22 July 1943, p. 1)

Broughton, Mary - Alison Dolling (1917-2006). Teacher and journalist. Alison Dolling edited the women's pages of the Chronicle from December 1966 until the newspaper closed in 1975.

Cacoethes Scribendi - John Northmore, draper and newspaper publisher used this pen name when writing letters to Adelaide's morning newspapers.

Canadia - Rodney Cockburn, journalist at the Advertiser. Used this pen name up until 1910 in compiling a lacrosse column.

Candid - Richard Wells (died 1875). Journalist, editor. In 1868 compiled and wrote most of the material for the column 'Rough Notes by Candid' in the Register.

Candida - Ethelwyn Robin (1874-1953). Social notes at the News from 1923 to 1942. Previously at the Mail.

Canmore - Norman Malcolm (1872-1926). Journalist, farmer, public servant. Joined the Advertiser in 1888, concentrated on agriculture, football and cricket reporting, using the pen names 'Hat Trick', 'High Mark', 'Canmore' and 'Town Acre'. Worked for the Register for a few years prior to enlisting for the First World War. (Register, 8 April 1926, p. 11.)

Cerberus - John Eden Savill. Cartoonist at Portonian 1871-1879, Illustrated Adelaide news 1875-.

Cipher - Oswald Pryor. Prolific cartoonist, best known for his Cousin Jack cartoons. His earliest work appears as 'Cipher' in Quiz 1901 and Gadfly 1907. Later contributed work under his own name to the Bulletin, the Workers weekly herald, and other newspapers and journals, often by arrangement with the Bulletin, including the Areas express (1929) and Kapunda herald (1930).

Coroebus - Marcus Waldrene (died 1915). Horseracing and running (track and field) writer for various newspapers from 1895 onwards, including Australian Sporting NewsSporting TimesStandard, and Sporting Life. Also wrote as 'Tiresias' and 'Lancer'. (Mail, 19 June 1915, p. 3.)

Cosmopolite - George Loyau (1835-1898). Journalist at various newspapers in Queensland, Victoria, Sydney, and South Australia. As editor of the Gawler Bunyip in 1878-1880 he used the names 'Cosmopolite' and 'Roundabout'.

Cousin Kate - Ethelwyn Robin (1874-1953). Social editress at the Mail from 1913 to 1923, then worked for the News.

Crabthorne, Geoffry - John Howard Clark (died 1878). Editor and part-owner of the South Australian register, 1870 - 1878. 'Echoes from the bush by Geoffry Crabthorne' was a weekly satirical column of political and social comment in the Register and Observer. Spencer John Skipper was also said to have been involved in writing this column. (See 'Death of Spencer John Skipper,' Adelaide observer, 12 September 1903, p. 25) The column continued for some years afterwards in a less humourous vein, as 'Echoes and re-echoes.' The Portonian ridiculed the column by referring to 'Geoffry Boobythorne.'

Credo - F.M. Cutlack. Journalist at the Register, compiled the 'Literary Canserie' column in  the newspaper under this name until 1908. (Renmark Pioneer, 28 August 1908, p. 2)

Cymbro - Owen David Jones (1863-1933). Teacher and headmaster, first editor of the South Australian Teachers Journal . He wrote for Fauldings Journal as 'Taffy' and for the Children's Hour as 'Cymbro'. (News, 31 December 1925, p. 6)

Duncan, Lindsay - Mrs Cloud of Wallaroo, contributed poetry to the Observer. ("Poetry of pioneer days", Advertiser, 14 March 1936, p. 10.)

E.D. - E. Dale. Cartoonist in Adelaide Punch 1883.

E.S. - Eliza Hartland Strawbridge (d. 1916). Wife of W.P. Auld, had many poems published in the Observer miscellany in the 1870s.

Eleanor Barbour - see Barbour, Eleanor

Elizabeth - Geoff Burgoyne of the Daily Herald. (West Australian, 1 August 1936, p. 6)

Ellie - Ellen Elizabeth Debney (nee Turner) (1833-1870). Two published collections of poems, as well as contributions to such periodicals as the Thursday reviewAdelaide musical heraldAdelaide miscellany and Farm and garden.

Fat Man, or Our Fat Contributor - Richard MacClure (1820-1886). Road contractor and farmer. Wrote a weekly column of Penola news and political commentary for the Border Watch newspaper from 1879 until shortly before his death.

Frances - Emma Frances Anderson (nee Baker) (1843?-) Daughter of the Rev. Edward Baker of Morphett Vale, and married to William Anderson, Emma wrote poetry for various periodicals, and her work was published in the collection Colonial poems, in 1869. Following her marriage she lived in Mauritius.

G. Elberg - Geoff Burgoyne of the Daily Herald.

G.B.W. - George Blakiston Wilkinson (1817-1888). Farmer and writer. Contributed historical articles to the Adelaide observer and Observer miscellany in the 1870s and 1880s, including, 'Whale-fishing in the early days of South Australia,' (Observer miscellany, 20 September 1879, p. 593-597) and 'Yarns on olden times' (Observer, 3 January 1880, p. 33).

G.M. - George Matthews. Policeman stationed at Clarendon, Victor Harbour and Brighton in the 1890s and 1900s who wrote serial stories for the Southern argus between 1897 and 1907. The stories follow a standard pattern in which a young Englishman loses his fortune, goes to sea (usually heading for Australia), is shipwrecked, finds treasure on a tropical island, returns to England as a kindly landlord, and marries. Later Matthews substituted tropical islands for the Australian bush. His last story published in the Argus in October 1907 was set in the future, describing a Japanese invasion of Australia being fought off at Goolwa.

Gambier - Charles Holloway (1882-1954). Journalist. Joined the Advertiser in 1907 and later became assistant to the turf writer ('Tatiara', Mart Hocking) who he took over from in 1927.

Garde - Agnes Benham (1850-1832). Socialist and sexual reform activist. Contributed articles to journal Morning founded by her brother Paris Nesbit. Used the pen name 'Garde in articles written for the Weekly Herald and its successor the Herald between 1898 and 1903.

Gardener - Carl Thybell. Gardener to the Barr Smith family. Thybell wrote as 'Gardener' for the Garden and Field newspaper.

Gleaner - G. Arch Grosvenor. Compiled a column, 'Gleanings' in the Victor Harbour times from February 1933 until he left in March 1938, to join the Murray Pioneer. In his retirement he was Bowls editor for the Advertiser.

Handlebar - Alexander M. Peattie (1867-1910) Journalist, Cyclist. Cycling writer for the Register from 1887 to 1903. Author of Popular Cycling Tours, the cycling track from Waterfall Gully to Eagle on the Hill was named for him. Moved to Melbourne 1903. (Quiz, 11 September 1903, p. 10.)

Hat Trick - Norman Malcolm (1872-1926) Journalist, farmer, public servant. Joined the Advertiser in 1888, concentrated on agriculture, football, and cricket reporting using the pen names 'High Mark', 'Hat Trick', 'Canmore' and 'Town Acre'.  Worked for the Register for a few years prior to enlisting for the First World War. (Register, 8 April 1926, p. 11.)

Helen of the North - Helen Jericho (1896-1983) Author of autobiography, Down Memory Lane. Wrote to the Chronicle women's pages under the pen name 'Helen of the North'.

High Mark - Norman Malcolm (1872-1926) Journalist, farmer, public servant. Joined the Advertiser in 1888, concentrated on agriculture, football and cricket reporting, using the pen names 'High Mark', 'Hat Trick', 'Canmore' and 'Town Acre'. Worked for the Register for a few years prior to enlisting for the First World War. (Register, 8 April 1926, p. 11.)

Hood - John Hood (1839?-1924). Cartoonist at Illustrated Adelaide News from 1876, Pictorial lantern, and the Lantern 1877-1885.

Hugh Kalyptus - Spencer John Skipper (1848-1903). Contributor to PasquinPortonian 1871-. From 1884-1890 he composed the 'Echoes and re-echoes' column in the South Australian registerEvening journalAdelaide observer. This was a column of political satire, first written by Geoffry Crabthorne (John Howard Clark) and often including satirical poetry. Hugh Kalyptus was joined by Ab-Original (James Sadler) in 1885.

Irene - Florence Britten.

Irven - Jean Irven  Everall (1870-1926). Poet and conductor of the ladies pages of the Daily Herald 1912-1922 as 'Irven'. Married James MacKenzie in 1897.

Ithuriel -  William E. Chapman (died 1905). Journalist at the Register until 1883, then working in London.

J.B. - Jeffrey Bruer. Cartoonist in Lantern 1889-, QuilpCritic 1897. Later he appears to have been a piano and organ tuner based at Rose Park.

JH - John Hood (1839?-1924). Cartoonist in Illustrated Adelaide news 1876-, Pictorial Australian and Lantern 1877-1885.

JHC - John Henry Chinner (1865-1933). A prolific part-time cartoonist and full-time manager of an insurance firm. His work appeared in a wide range of publications, including, Lantern 1880s, Quiz 1890-, Critic 1898-, Express and telegraphSaturday JournalBulletin (Sydney), Punch (London), Australian Christian Commonwealth, Observer. His illustrations also appear in the 1913 edition of Simpson Newland's novel, Paving the way.

J.R.A. - Julian Rossi Ashton (1851-1942). Brought to Australia by David Syme to work as an illustrator at the Illustrated Australian news, 1878. Illustrated Adelaide news 1879 includes two drawings by Ashton depicting Adelaide scenes.

J.W.E. - Joseph William Elliott (1859-1939). Son of Joseph Elliott of the Southern argus. From 1881 his poems were published in his father's newspaper under his initials, with many appearing during the period 1890 to 1896. Later Elliott wrote a column 'Jottings by J.W.E.' in the Argus, mostly containing reminiscences of Strathalbyn and newspaper printing history.

Kangaroo - A.W. Hill. Assistant sporting editor at the Advertiser in the 1880s, until leaving for London.

Kaye, Gloria - Gloria Childs. Women's columnist in the Mail until 1945.

Kyra Keith - Elizabeth Kirkham (1853-1901). Elizabeth Kirkham (nee Bayly) was married to a farmer at Ashbourne. Four serial stories were published in the local newspaper, the Southern argus, from October 1899, with the last one appearing in 1901, after her death.

Lady Kitty - This name was used by various journalists writing social notes for the Adelaide observer and the Register from the 1880s until both newspapers closed in 1931. Lady Kitty also wrote a column for the Critic. In 1905 Thistle Anderson in Arcadian Adelaide, stated that the 'lesser animals' of Adelaide, "comprise chiefly mosquitoes, cockroaches, flies, rats, and Lady Kitty." (p. 53) Kathleen McKain (nee Mendell) wife of Alfred McKain, editor of the Critic, was an early Lady Kitty. (Advertiser, 14 February 1956, p. 3) In the 1930s, when the column was continued in the Chronicle, Elizabeth McKain was Lady Kitty. Later again Edith Aird used the penname when writing in the Advertiser.

Laicus - John Howard Clark (died 1878). Editor and part-owner of the South Australian register, 1870 - 1878. Clark previously contributed poetry to Henry Hussey's Christian advocate under the name Laicus.

Leigh, Elizabeth - Elizabeth George. Women's editor at the Register and later at the Advertiser, as well as the Chronicle and the Mail.

Lindall, Edward -Edward E. Smith. Journalist at the Advertiser in the 1950s. Used this name to publish short stories in American, English and Australian magazines.

M.C. - Catherine Martin (nee Mackay) (c. 1847-1937). Writer and poet. Catherine Martin first submitted poems and serial stories to the Mount Gambier standard as a teenager. Moving to Adelaide in 1876, her novel 'The moated grange' was serialised in the South Australian chronicle. Over the next 20 years she had poems and serial stories published in the Adelaide observer, the Observer miscellany and the Evening Journal, as well as in the Melbourne Age.

Madam Wu - Ethel Cooper (1888-1970). 'Madame Wu's replies: will your wish come true?' was the title of three pages of psychic replies to readers' requests, written by Ethel Cooper in the Observer shortly before that newspaper closed in 1931. Madame Wu gave individual predictions for those who wrote to her column. When the Register and Observer were taken over by the Advertiser in 1931, Madame Wu compiled the women's pages of the Chronicle until 1937. She also produced radio programs on 5AD. (Chronicle Cameos by Mary Broughton (Alison Dolling), 1977, pp. 10-13)

Magpie - Winifred Scott (1866-1950). Winifred Scott wrote for the women's pages of the Adelaide observer from 1896 until the newspaper closed in 1931, under the title 'Chatter.' From 1898 she also contributed to the children's column in the Observer, with the 'Sunbeam Bookshelf.' Her articles also appeared in the Register from 1928 to 1931. Two small collections of her work were published by the Register in 1898 and 1901. Some correspondence and other family papers are held in PRG 1524.

March, Marian - Dorothy Dolling (1897-1967). Prominent early member of the Country Women's Association and women's pages writer. Mrs Dolling began writing for the Advertiser as 'Marian March' in 1936. The following year she began her long-running women's pages in the Chronicle, under the name 'Eleanor Barbour.'

Marter, Tom - Probably Charles Chandler. Poems by 'Tom Marter' appeared in the 'Darkest Adelaide' sequence in Chandler's Truth newspaper (1903-1907?) No original copies of this newspaper have survived but the 'Darkest Adelaide' articles were published in book form about 1904. Later Tom Marter was the author of paragraphs of social, theatrical and sporting commentary written in a satirical tone for the Critic.

Mentor - Frank W. Davis. Established newspaper on the Victorian goldfields, then sub-editor of the Ballarat Courier. Sporting editor and dramatic critic at the Advertiser for a long period.

Minos - Frederick Bathurst (died 1929). Worked at the RegisterAdvertiser and Melbourne Argus. For many years conducted the financial column of the Mail. (News, 2 May 1929, p. 12.)

Mitchell - Norm Mitchell (died 1980). Cartoonist at Smith's weekly 1935, and at the Adelaide News from 1950.

Mr Pim - JE Edwards of the News used this title for his popular column 1932 to 1951. He was editor of the Whyalla News in 1941.

Nemo - Frances Sescadorowna Susannah Lewin (Mrs A. Somerville) 'Sesca' (1861-1946). Teacher and poet. Won prizes with the SA Literary Societies' Union for poems in 1884, 1885 and 1888. Her poems and short stories appeared in various newspapers including the Mount Barker Courier (1889).

Old Colonist - Thomas Wilson (1787-1863). Lawyer, journalist. In 1851 a series of articles published in the South Australian register by 'Old Colonist' described his travels around South Australia, with details of the early progress of agriculture and settlement, and mentioned by name many of the people he met. The full collection of articles was published in 1970 as Colonists, copper and corn in the colony of South Australia 1850-1851.

ORC - Oswald Rose Campbell (1820-1887). Chief cartoonist at Sydney Punch 1864-1865. His work also appeared in Melbourne Punch 1865-1867, and Illustrated Australian news 1867-1876, Illustrated Adelaide news 1880.

P.W. - Percy Whitington. Contributed articles about local history to the Murray Valley standard 1952-1957.

Pelts - Frederick Harvie Linklater (born 1850). Editor of the Lantern. Wrote as Adelaide correspondent for the Gawler Bunyip using the pen name 'Pelts'. Sued for libel 1883. (Chronicle, 23 June 1883, p. 12.)

Pendragon, A. - George Isaacs (died 1876). Pendragon's articles appear in various newspapers of the 1860s, including Bell's life in Adelaide and sporting chronicleAdelaide observer, and Pasquin. He also published a magazine, Number one, which lasted for only one issue, but which he followed by producing the Critic for two years. Isaacs wrote poems and plays, many of his burlesques were performed in Adelaide and Melbourne in the 1860s. His poem, 'The Myrtle' was set to music. He wrote at least one novel, The queen of the south, set on the Victorian gold diggings.

Penelope - Mollie Proctor.

Penstone - Tom Caleb Dalwood (died 1909). Cartoonist at Adelaide Punch 1878-1880, Illustrated Adelaide news 1879-, Lantern 1883-1884 Frearson's monthly illustrated Adelaide newsFrearson's weekly illustrated.

Phaeton - Martin C. Hocking. Literary writer for the Advertiser from 1870s, from the 1880s he wrote on sporting topics, beginning with 'Rowing notes' in 1886. From 1893 he wrote a horse racing column as 'Tatiara'. At this time he was also writing a column for the Sydney Referee and Sunday times, as well as contributing articles to Western Australian newspapers.

Phineas - Augustus Baker Peirce. Cartoonist at the Lantern, 1870s

Pim, Mr. - JE Edwards of the News used this title for his popular column until leaving to edit the Whyalla News in 1941.

Pleeceman X - John Howard Clark (died 1878). Wrote verse for the South Australian register in the 1850s before joining the staff in 1865, after which he used the pen name 'Geoffrey Crabthorne.' Clearly the name was also used by another journalist, as it appears in the 'Echoes and re-echoes column begun by Clark in 1884. (Observer, 1 November 1884, p. 25)

Possum - The popular children's letter column in the Sunday Mail was compiled by Irene Gough until 1940, and then Gloria Childs until 1945.

Pyndar - W.P. Willis. Cartoons appear in the Portonian 1878-1879.

Quayle - Jack Quayle (died 1982). Cartoonist. Born in Hobart, worked first in Sydney, then in Adelaide at the Advertiser from the mid 1930s until about 1947, when he returned to Sydney.

R.B. - Robert Bruce (1835-1908). Pastoralist of Coondambo Station, Bruce was a prolific poet, and also wrote a novel describing 1850s pioneer life. His poems appeared in Observer miscellany and its parent newspaper, the Adelaide observer in the 1870s.

Rex - Reginald Kyffin Thomas (1881-1914) Journalist at the Register.

Riddler - William Holden (1808-1897). Journalist at the Register for a long period, he used pen name of 'The Riddler' in his work for the Observer and the Evening Journal.

Rigby - Paul Rigby (1924-2006). Cartoonist. Began work at the West Australian in 1948, and in 1952 transferred to the Perth Daily News. Between 1960 and 1969 he won five Walkley Awards for his work. During this period Rigby's cartoons also appeared in the Adelaide News. He moved to Sydney and then London in 1969, returning to Sydney to the Daily telegraph in 1974, and then went to work for the New York Post.

Roundabout - George Loyau (1835-1898). Journalist at various newspapers in Queensland, Victoria, Sydney, and South Australia. As editor of the Gawler Bunyip in 1878-1880 he used the names 'Cosmopolite' and 'Roundabout'.

Roy - George Matson (died 1915). Racehorse trainer, bootmaker and poet. Poetry published in the Register and in collections. Moved to Perth in about 1903 and contributed work to newspapers there. (Register, 20 February 1915, p. 4; Advertiser, 30 January 1915, p. 14)

Rufus - (1.) William S. Whitington. Contributor to Pasquin; (2.) His grandson, Ernest Whitington (1873-1934). Journalist at the South Australian register 1891-1931 and later at the Advertiser. In 1929 Whitington took over the 'Man in the street' column, begun in the Register and Observer, in 1924, and edited by 'Qui Vivre.' Initially calling himself 'Autolycus,' the column was re-named 'Around the city.' Whitington changed his pen name to 'Rufus' in January 1929, and the column then became 'Out among the people.' It became extremely popular, and was to run - both under Whitington and from April 1934 under his successor, Maurice Fisher - until the 1960s. The column appeared daily in the Register, with a longer version in the weekly Observer. In 1931 when the Register and Observer were taken over by the Advertiser, the column was continued in that newspaper and in its weekly Chronicle. Whitington compiled the column until his death in April 1934.

Scriblerus - Richard Egan Lee (died 1883). Stories under this name in the 1870s. He also wrote poetry. Journalist at the Lantern and Adelaide Punch 1882.

Sesca - Frances Sescadorowna Susannah Lewin (Mrs A. Somerville) (1861-1946). Teacher and poet. Won prizes with the SA Literary Societies' Union for poems in 1884, 1885 and 1888. Her poems and short stories appeared in various newspapers including the Mount Barker Courier (1889). Also wrote as 'Nemo'.

Short, Timothy - Nathaniel Hailes (1802-1879). Contributed satirical work in the Southern Australian 1839, and other early Adelaide newspapers.

Silver Wattle - Anna Mapleson Sweetapple (died 1928). Wrote several serials including 'Sowing the Wind' (Journal 1885), 'Brought to Mind' (Port Augusta Dispatch 1887) and Secret of Three (Chronicle 1890).

Sirius - George Abraham Westrand Wilson (c.1852-1893) Teacher. Chess player and chess editor at the Bunyip and the South Australian Chronicle, writing as 'Sirius'. Also contributed to the Adelaide observer and the Australasian. Was puzzle editor of the Education Department publication, the Children's hour. (South Australian register, 7 August 1893, p. 6)

Smiler - Alfred Arthur Greenwood Hales. Journalist, war correspondent, detective novelist. First ran the Standard from about 1893, then involved with his brothers James and Frederick in the Mining review 1896. Working at Coolgardie 1897. War correspondent during Boer War (1899-1902) and First World War (1914-1918).

St, Buxton, H.A. - Harriet Alice Rix, nee Peek (died 1928). Wife of journalist turned wheat agent and District Clerk, FH Rix. Wrote literary pieces for the press all her life. Earliest known pieces were serials in the Port Adelaide News and Southern Argus in 1881. Later had serials published in the Port Augusta Dispatch 1902-1903, the Observer in 1925, and a patriotic story in the Journal in 1916.

Stockman, John - Bertram Jennings Mettam (1919-2010). Policeman turned saddler, columnist for Hoofs and horns magazine.

Stroller - Maurice Parish. Owner of the Murray Valley standard, Parish wrote the 'Mingling with a multitude' column using this open name 1947-1950.

Swan, Heron - Henry Morgan Hawkes (d. 1900). Contributed stories to Observer miscellany in the 1870s.

T.C. - Tom Carrington (1843-1918). Artist and cartoonist. Began working for Melbourne Punch in 1866. He also worked for the Australasian sketcher and the Melbourne Argus. His work was reprinted in South Australian publications including early issues of Adelaide Punch.

Taffy - Oliver David Jones (1863-1933). Teacher and headmaster, first editor of the South Australian Teachers Journal . He wrote for Fauldings Journal as 'Taffy' and for the Children's Hour as 'Cymbro'. (News, 31 December 1925, p. 6)

Tarquin - WB Carr (1861-). Began work at the Register in April 1876 as a Hansard reporter. He became sporting editor using the name 'Tarquin,' from 1893, following the resignation of 'Trumpator' (W. Moxom Cook).

Tatiara - Martin Charles 'Mart' Hocking (c.1858-1927) Journalist. Joined the South Australian advertiser in the 1870s and began writing a rowing column as 'Phaeton' in 1886. Reported on horse racing under the pen name 'Tatiara' from 1893. ('Obituary', Register, 7 January 1927, p. 8)

Terlinga - see Trumpator.

Timoleon - David Gordon (1865-1946), politician and journalist. Gordon wrote the 'City Scratchings' column for the Kapunda Herald  in the first decade of the twentieth century under the name of an ancient Greek statesman, while also working in high level positions at the Register.

Tommy Rough - John A. Northmore (d. 1891). Name appearing in letters to the editor of the Register in the 1870s, used by draper of a well known firm, who wrote to the press about various issues, and at one time published his own newspaper, the Traders courier and freelance.

Town Acre/ Townacre - Norman Malcolm (1872-1926). Journalist, farmer, public servant. Joined the Advertiser in 1888, concentrated on agriculture, football and cricket reporting, using the pen names 'Hat Trick', 'High Mark', 'Canmore' and 'Town Acre'. Worked for a few years for the Register prior to enlisting for the First World War. (Register, 8 April 1926, p. 11.)

Trumpator - William Moxon Cook (1857-1917). Journalist. Joined the Register at the age of 13, under the editorship of his uncle, John Howard Clark. After leaving to work for the Central Road Board for a time, returned and later took over as sporting editor from D.M. Magill from 1883 to1892. He then spent 25 years as sporting editor of the Australasian, Melbourne, writing as 'Terlinga'. He also wrote for the Argus. ('Death of Mr W.M. Cook: prominent sporting writer', Register, 21 December 1917, p. 6.)

Twinkler - Frederick J Mills. In 1916 Mills was the first editor of the South Australian Cheer Up Society magazine, R.S.A. magazine. He wrote books of humour to raise funds for both the Cheer Up Society (during the First World War) and later the Boy Scouts' Association. With the advent of radio, he founded the Twinkler Club, the first radio boys' club in Australia. It is unknown whether he published articles in newspapers. Collections of his humour were appearing in book form for over 20 years.

Ulysses - Duncan Moodie (c.1841-1891). Editor of the Portonian, articles in Adelaide observer 1880.

Uncle Harry - David H. Bottrill. Postal clerk and journalist. Bottrill began an immensely popular children's 'mailbag' column, the Sunbeam Society in the Adelaide observer newspaper in July 1894. The column also ran in the Evening journal. The column ran until 1909. One of his assistants was Winifred Scott, who years later, in the 1920s, revived the Sunbeam Society in the Register, where it evolved into the 'Sunbeams' children's comic page with Ginger Meggs, the title which was later being used for the Sunday Mail children's pages.

Unohoo/ U-no-hoo - Spencer Skipper (1848-1923). Pen name used by Skipper during his long career at the Register, and also as a contributor to the Port Adelaide News in 1895.

Valdman - Jos Valdman. Cartoonist. Replaced retired cartoonist Michael Aitchison at the Advertiser in June 2008.

Vid - H.C.H. Cargill of the South Australian register and from c. 1880 editor of the Lantern.

Vigil - Abraham Hopkins Davis (died 1866). Merchant, horticulturalist, newspaper owner. Launched the newspaper Thursday review (1860-1861) when aged in his sixties, largely to promote his opposition to universal suffrage. The Thursday review was widely criticised by other newspapers for its esoteric and elitist ideas about voting rights. At one time Davis wrote letters to the newspapers under the name 'Vigil'.

Vox - Maurice Stephen Fisher (1887-1968). Journalist. Worked for the Chronicle and Advertiser, 1934-1962, and with other city newspapers in the 1900s. Fisher took over the popular 'Out among the people' column by 'Rufus' when its original author, Ernest Whitington, died in April 1934.

Vox Populi - Richard Penny, editor of the Adelaide examiner, 1840s.

Winifred the Washerwoman - Winifred Stegar (1882-1981). Author and traveller. Writer for the women's pages of the Observer from 1930 (under title, 'Stardust and soap bubbles') also later the Chronicle newspaper. Author of Life with Ali, describing travelling to Mecca with her Indian husband, and children, in 1927. Stories from her travels were often incorporated in her column.

WJK - William John Kennedy (1850-1894). Teacher, composer and cartoonist. Kennedy also used a stylised fish as his signature. Cartoons published in Adelaide Punch.

Young, Elizabeth - Elizabeth Campbell. Pen name and maiden name of Elizabeth Campbell, arts critic at the Advertiser from 1952.

For cartoonists and other illustrators, see also the Dictionary of Australian artists onlineAlso, Australian literary pseudonyms: an index with selected New Zealand references/ compiled by Bruce Nesbitt and Susan Hadfield, Adelaide: Libraries Board of South Australia, 1972; and Austlit: the Australian literature resource website.